Incorporating the Western territories

Under the treaty of Paris (1783) which ended the Revolutionary War, brothers relinquished come the United states a big tract of soil west the the Appalachian mountains, copy the dimension of the new nation. Just how would this region be incorporated into the unified States? conference debates about the department and federal government of the new territories resulted in precedents which were adhered to throughout the negotiation of the west.

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Congress Discusses slavery in the western Territories

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Resolution because that the exemption of enslavement in Future States. New York: s.n., 1785. Library that Congress, rarely Book and also Special collection Division.

In 1783, Congress formed a committee to "prepare a setup for the temporary federal government of the west territory." thomas Jefferson, chairman that the committee, delivered a report in in march 1784 suggest the department of the land right into ten territories, and their ultimate admission to the Union ~ above an equal footing with the initial thirteen states. In addition, Jefferson suggest the prohibition of slavery in any of the new states. Conference rejected Jefferson"s ban on slavery, but in 1785 Rufus King attempted to reclaim it, offering the displayed resolution. Congress, as soon as again, garbage the proposal by a slim margin. Slavery was official barred indigenous the new western states in 1787.

Congress Decides just how to divide the west Territories

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one ordinance for ascertaining the setting of disposing of soil in the western Territory. New York : s.n., 1785. LC copy annotated through Rufus King and also by one unknown hand, v some alters reflected in the ordinance passed might 20 (cf. JCC 477). Library of Congress, rarely Book and also Special collections Division.

Congressman David Howell the Rhode Island complained the America"s brand-new western territories were "the most facility and awkward Subject before Congress since peace has actually taken place." deliberation over what to do with the territory continued for several years, however on might 18, 1785, a burst of activity resulted in a proposal because that the orderly settlement of the western public lands. Rufus King the Massachusetts, a key figure in the debate, made many of the notations that appear in the document"s margins. Congress embraced the final version of the land Ordinance of 1785 on may 20.

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Congress determines How new States Can go into the Union

In 1787, Congress to be approached by agents the the Ohio Company, a team of new England Revolutionary battle veterans seeking come purchase vast tracts of western land. The prospect of earning genuine revenue for the western territories motivated Congress to resolve the long conflict over the west; the Northwest Ordinance, happen on July 13, 1787, detailed for a federal government in the west territories, developed a procedure because that the development of states, developed a formal method for the brand-new states to enter the union as equals, guaranteed the residents civil and religious liberties, and also prohibited slavery. The president of Congress, Arthur St. Clair, to be named an initial governor of the territory. The document above reflects some of the final changes made in the ordinance before its passage.