You are watching: What were the three forces at work in europe that helped set the stage for war?
alliance system had actually been designed to keep tranquility in Europe. However it would certainly instead aid push the continent into war
Nationalism deserve to serve as a unifying pressure within a country and can reason intense competition among nations, v each seeking come overpower the other. Europe"s an excellent powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, good Britain, Russia, Italy, and also France - became rivals due to this strong sense of nationalism, competition for materials and markets, and also territorial disputes. France was bitter about the shed of land come Germany in the Franco-Prussian War. Austria-Hungary and Russia both do the efforts to dominate in the Balkans, a region in south east Europe. Within the Balkans, the intense nationalism the Serbs, Bulgarians, Romanians, and also other ethnic teams led to demands for independence
Bismark wanted to make sure that France could not seek revenge for its loss in the Franco-Prussian battle so he created an alliance. Very first the double alliance in between Germany and Austria-Hungary then 3 years later with Italy developing the Triple Alliance. In 1881, Bismark took yet another possible ally far from France by make a treaty through Russia. This alliance will certainly quickly readjust in the beforehand 1900s.
British an answer to the build up that German navy created an alliance through France and also later Russia. This alliance ensure that Britain would not fight against France or Russia yet not necessarily go to the war v them.
Forced Bismark to resign to come to be ruler of Germany. He accumulated the navy which made an excellent Britain answer by developing an alliance with Russia that was when allied through Germany
Balkan peninsula made up of plenty of different ethno-linguistic groups. Each completing for much more land. Serbia wnated all Balkan slavs which Russia supported. Austria did not like this and thought it endangered their own countries unity as they had actually a big Slav population so they took Bosnia and Herzegovina. Slavs go not choose this and also swore to take these areas back from Austria.
Bosnia"s funding where Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand and also his wife were murdered through Serbian black Hand member, Princip.
Austrian Archduke who was murdered by a Serbian black color Hand member in protest that Austrian manage of Slavic lands in the Balkans.
Nationalism, Imperialism, and also Militarism were the three forces at work-related that helped collection the phase for war. Also, alliances and the Assassination that Archduke Franz Ferdinand will additional progress tensions and spark the start of the first world war.
Which was the most essential influence in setup the phase for WW1? Militarism, alliances, imperialism, or nationalism.
Nationalism or Imperialism - intensified the competition among nations; Militarism - led to arms construct up that made large-scale war possible
Germany and also Austria-Hungary. Castle were recognized as the central Powers since of their place in the heart of Europe. Bulgaria and also the Ottoman realm would later join their forces.
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Great Britain, France, and also Russia - later joined by Japan and US. Russia leaves battle in 1917 and US enters. Italy had been a member the the Triple Alliance v Germany and also Austria - Hungary but readjusted due come the unjust start of the war
The battle turned right into a long and also bloody stalemate, or dead-lock, along the battlefields the France. This deadlocked an ar in northern France became known together the western Front.
German battle strategy named after general Alfred Graf von Schlieffen. The setup was to easily defeat France in the west and then come fight Russia in the east. The Germans thought this was possible because Russia"s railroad system, that would be offered to supply soldiers, was no as advanced as other European nations
The allies and the central power armies on the western Front had dug mile of parallel trenches to safeguard themselves from foe fire. This tactic was not very beneficial together both sides suffered large loss that life because that very tiny gain
battlefield follow me the German and also Russian border where Russians and also Serbs battled Germans and Austro-Hungarians
Obstacles: Russia to be not developed which resulted in a shortage top top food, guns, ammunition, clothes, boots, and blankets. Supply shipments come Russia were sharply limited by German control of the Baltic Sea and also North Sea and the Ottoman regulated straits from the Mediterranean to the black color Sea Assets: The Russian army had one assets which was your numbers. Even though Russia suffered vast loss of life, they were able to replenish their pressures with new soldiers. Together a result, the Germans were not able to conveniently defeat the Russians in the east to focus on the west (the Schlieffen Plan)
In 1917, Germans intensified the submarine warfare and announced that their submarines would certainly sink without warning any ships in the waters around Britain