You are watching: What force of attraction holds the electron in the hydrogen atom
|TheNature that the Problem|
|3.||The Hydrogen Atom|
|�||TheQuantization that Energy|
|�||TheProbability distribution of the Hydrogen Atom|
|�||AngularMomentum of one Electron in an H Atom|
|5.||ElectronicBasis because that the nature of the Elements|
|7.||Ionicand Covalent Binding|
|Tableof contour Values|
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The potential energy of interactionbetween a nucleus (at the origin) and an electron as a role of street r between them.The potential power is zero when the 2 particles are really far apart(r = ¥ ), and also equals minus infinitywhen r equates to zero. We shall take it the power for r = ¥as ours zero that energy. Every power will be measured relative to this value.When a stable atom is formed, the electron is attractive to the nucleus,ris less than infinity, and the power will it is in negative. A negative valuefor the power implies that power must be offered to the mechanism if theelectron is to conquer the attractive force of the nucleus and escapefrom the atom. The electron has again "fallen right into a potential well." However,the shape of the fine is no longer a straightforward square one as previously consideredfor one electron border to move on a line, yet has the shape shown inFig.3-1. This form is a repercussion of there gift a pressure actingon the electron and also hence a potential energy contribution which dependson the distance between the 2 particles. This is the nature that the problem.Now let united state see what quantum mechanics predicts for the activity of the electronin such a situation.