Wow, they certain packed a lot right into this episode! check out on for a Plot review and analysis of Season 4, illustration 12 the the history Channel’s TV series The Curse the Oak Island
At the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library & Museum in Hyde Park, new York, researcher Paul Troutman mirrors treasure hunter stack Lagina and also Rick’s nephew Alex a file indicating the Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd chairman of the joined States, thought that Oak Island’s treasure had the Crown Jewels of King luigi XVI and Marie Antoinette, the last majesties of France. The narrator briefly explains that Roosevelt, who maternal grandfather invested in the Truro company (Oak Island’s second major treasure-hunting syndicate) in the mid 1800’s, arisen an attention in the Oak Island an enig at a young age, invest in the Old gold Salvage and Wrecking firm (another Oak Island treasure-hunting syndicate) in 1909, and retained an attention in the endowment hunt till his death in 1945.
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Troutman proceeds to check out the document, i m sorry outlines the Oak Island concept espoused through FDR: namely, that Marie Antoinette, if fleeing Paris v her husband, King luigi XVI, on the night the June 20, 1791 (during the height of the French Revolution), entrusted her Lady-in-Waiting through the Crown Jewels that France and other priceless gems. After ~ the French monarchs’ subsequent capture, the faithful retainer lugged the jewels through her throughout the Atlantic to the French swarm of Acadia (present-day Canadian Maritimes). There, according to legend, she hidden them, possibly on Oak Island.
Rick Lagina suggests that they shot to find an ext information on Marie Antoinette’s Lady-in-Waiting, who, that argues, organized a high sufficient position in the French court to warrant a location in the history books. Troutman agrees, speak “we require to gain to the bottom that it.”
Later the night, stack contacts his brother Marty via chat application in his hotel room in brand-new York City. Stack tells him about his and also Alex’s experience at the FDR Presidential Library, relating Roosevelt’s Oak Island theory involving Marie Antoinette’s Lady-in-Waiting and the Crown Jewels of France. He then tells Marty the he plan to meet with Zena Halpern, the new York-based researcher who listed Oak Island tourism Inc. With numerous mystifying Oak Island-related documents in the Season 4 premiere. Marty congratulates him on his findings and also wishes him more success, and also the conversation is ended.
The following day, rick Lagina and Oak Island researcher Doug Crowell take trip to Roslyn, new York, to satisfy with historian Zena Halpern. Halpern, upon conference the 2 men, invites them into her home. While the three of them settle about Halpern’s kitchen table, the narrator explains that Helpern uncovered three strange records by possibility while researching hypothetical pre-Columbian trans-Atlantic voyages. One of these documents, bearing the day ‘1374’, shows up to it is in a map of Oak Island. In Season 4, episode 2, the Oak Island team investigated one the clues of attention on this map, labelled “la traffe”, or “the hatch,” there is no making any far-ranging discoveries. The second file Zena uncovered is a map of what shows up to be Nova Scotia, bearing the date ‘1179’. Halpern’s third document is a password which, as soon as deciphered, shows up to form a French post (see Season 4, illustration 1).
Zena Halpern notifies Lagina and also Crowell that, in her upcoming book The Templar Mission come Oak Island and Beyond, she “covers a 12th Century <1178-1180> Templar voyage” undertaken by one English nobleman and also alleged Templar knight named Ralph de Sudeley because that the objective of recovering “ancient scrolls that were concealed in north America.” The narrator summary mentions the some historians believe that de Sudeley found precious religious artifacts, consisting of the Ark that the Covenant and also the holy Grail, if crusading in Palestine. Halpern insurance claims that de Sudeley and his crew sailed throughout the Atlantic ocean to north America, and stopped in ~ Oak Island along the way.
Helpern then provides the insurance claim that her maps it seems to be ~ to suggest that the east shore the Nova Scotia was as soon as riddled with herbal gold deposits. Crowell remarks that Gold River, a flow which empties right into Mahone Bay only several mile northwest the Oak Island, does undoubtedly contain a modest amount of gold dust. The narrator adheres to up ~ above Crowell’s comment by alluding come a frenzied gold sirloin in Nova Scotia i m sorry lasted from 1861-1874. He then argues that probably the Knights Templar exploited Nova Scotia’s auric riches throughout the High middle Ages, and that their new World headquarters contained a castle situated at present-day brand-new Ross, Nova Scotia, a city which the men of Oak Island tours Inc. Visited in Season 4, episode 1.
Next, Halpern shows Lagina and also Crowell picture of a Crusader coin bearing a price consisting of a cross v a period in each quadrant, a sports of what is recognized as the ‘Crusader cross’. She observes the this Crusader overcome is strongly reminiscent of one that the 3 symbols sculpted into what plenty of Oak Island enthusiasts refer to as the H/O stone, a fragment of stone discovered top top Joudrey’s Cove ~ above Oak Island in the 1930’s.
After break up the meeting with Zena Halpern, stack Lagina return to Oak Island. There, he, Craig Tester, and also Jack Begley meet with Jack Nichols the Dam-it-Dams, a cofferdam production company. The team jobs Nichols with structure a cofferdam around a ar of Smith’s Cove so that they deserve to search because that remnants that the stone box drains thought to be hidden there without having actually to compete with the Atlantic tide. If Nichols describes how the intends to construct the cofferdam, the narrator recounts exactly how contractor Jeremy Frizzell’s effort to develop a cofferdam in Season 4, episode 11 was unsuccessful.
Fortunately, Nichols and also his team build the cofferdam without incident, and the seawater within is instantly pumped out. V that accomplished, stack Lagina and long-time Oak Island sweetheart hunter Dan Henskee accomplish with archaeologist Laird Niven, whom they have tasked v supervising the upcoming dig. Under Niven’s direction, Rick, Henskee and also Jack Begley begin manually digging in a certain section the Smith’s Cove with shovels. After some time, castle encounter tough clay, i m sorry Henskee declares should not it is in naturally current at that specific section that Oak Island in ~ that particular depth, and also suggests that it was put there through man. Quickly thereafter, Jack Begley uncovers a fragment the what shows up to it is in coconut fibre, a problem which is not endemic to Nova Scotia. This finds indicate that the Oak Island crew is digging in the best spot; according to members of the Truro Company, which an initial discovered the Smith’s Cove box drains in the mid 1800’s, the Smith’s Cove box drains were extended by great of clay putty, coconut fibre, eelgrass, and beach stones.
Encouraged by the discoveries, rick Lagina begins excavating the area in inquiry with a backhoe. Immediately, the unearths a number of old logs which appear to be aligned in the exact same direction. After more exploration, he uncovers the continues to be of a wooden shaft, likely constructed by treasure hunters Robert and Bobby Restall in the 1960’s. Unfortunately, the team is can not to further dig deep into this column that day, together the sunlight is going down. They decision to contact it a day.
Before returning to the dig site the adhering to morning, the Oak Island team payment a visit to Dan Blankenship’s residence on Oak Island. There, castle pore end maps and also diagrams in an initiative to determine a suitable location for a third shaft in the Money Pit area. In one aside, Marty Lagina describes that the Oak Island team walk not have actually an “obvious target” for a 3rd Money Pit shaft, but that lock do have actually a number of “inferential targets”.
After studying a number of interesting documents, Marty argues that castle sink a column in the vicinity the the valley 3 Borehole, which the crew currently believes intersects a searcher tunnel leading from the Chappell pillar (dug by the Oak Island treasure-hunting syndicate Chappells Ltd. In 1931) come the Money Pit together a an outcome of their hammergrab excavation in Season 4, illustration 6. Rick, however, disagrees through Marty’s proposal, saying that they dig in a slightly various location. Craig Tester then says they dig at yet one more location. The crew members agree to shot to come to a decision later, and also terminate the meeting.
Later, that is revealed that the crew determined to sink a 3rd hole in the Money Pit at the place championed by Craig Tester, which castle dub ‘Tester 1’, or ‘T1’. At the Money Pit, they clock as home builders of Irving devices Ltd. Prepare to start work ~ above the new shaft. V that, the episode ends.
Marie Antoinette, the French Revolution, and also the Crown Jewels of France
According to part Oak Island theorists- most notably previous United claims President Franklin Delano Roosevelt- Oak Island’s treasure consists of the Crown Jewels that France. Proponents of this theory typically hold that Marie Antoinette, the critical Queen that France, entrusted she Lady-in-Waiting through the jewels’ safekeeping during the height of the French Revolution- a period considered by countless to be among the most crucial events in civilization history.
In the wake of the seven Years’ battle (1754-1763 ; view Season 4, illustration 8’s ‘The battle of Havana’), France- for centuries one of the most powerful kingdoms in Europe- had lost much of that is wealth and international prestige. Burdened v post-war debt and also all but bankrupt, France uncovered itself in a serious financial situation eleven year after the war, when nineteen-year-old louis XVI ascended the French throne.
Louis XVI- by every accounts a shy and indecisive monarch- had actually married a beautiful 14-year-old Austrian archduchess named Maria Antonia 4 years prior to his coronation in 1774. While plenty of of the French peasantry warmed easily to their brand-new queen, whose surname was Gallicized to Marie Antoinette adhering to the marriage, others disliked her from the start, as she to be a member of one of the nations that had actually caused France together grief throughout the seven Years’ War. This disgruntled Frenchmen thrived to resent her even much more when lock learned the the extravagant way of living she enjoyed, courtesy that often-starving (as a an outcome of bad harvests and subsequently-soaring grain prices) French taxpayers. Marie Antoinette lived in Versailles, which had actually served together the funding of France since 1662, as soon as King louis XIV (also known as the ‘Sun King’) had his father’s searching lodge over there transformed into the magnificent palace of Versailles. The ‘Sun King’ developed his royal residence as a “gilded cage” because that France’s power-hungry nobles, stipulating the each noble invest a specific amount of time life there every year, and implementing a court culture revolving around a series of elaborate rituals and ceremonies draft to occupy the visiting nobles and prevent them from conspiring versus him. This court culture was still an extremely much alive when Marie Antoinette came to Versailles. To entertain it s her amidst the routine tedium, she indulged in fashion, gambling, and theatre. She heavy expenses earned her the nickname “Madame Deficit”.
In addition to she lavish lifestyle, the French people started to take it umbrage at your queen’s noticeable inability to create an heir; Marie Antoinette did not develop until 7 years after her marital relationship to louis XVI (although it must be mentioned that many historians think that the fault an ext likely lay with her husband). Marie Antoinette’s slowness to deliver a royal heir spurred political satirists come produce libelles– small, often obscene books designed to slander windy figures- accusing her of outrageous, deviant behavior. The quantity and also vulgarity of this pamphlets boosted wildly in the last years that the 18th Century. Follow to American chronicler Robert Darnton, “the avalanche that defamation that overwhelmed
The French people’s aversion to the French elite didn’t stop at the queen, however. Numerous members of France’s poor peasant class (known together the 3rd Estate), which do up around 95% of France’s population, detested both the aristocracy and high-ranking clergymen of the Catholic Church for the hefty taxes castle levied ~ above them- taxes from which members that both that these upper classes were regularly exempt. In enhancement to the 3rd State, members of a cultivation middle course known together the bourgeoisie (literally “town dwellers”), i m sorry chiefly had wealthier merchants and craftsmen, hosted the French upstream in contempt for their monopoly on politics power. Adding fuel to the fire were radical brand-new Enlightenment ideas espoused by French pundits like Montesquieu, Rousseau, Descartes, and Voltaire. This ideas, i m sorry circulated throughout France by method of coffeehouses and salons, contained the notions the ‘separation that power’, ‘consent of the governed’, republicanism, and ‘separation the Church and State’- ideas which contested the authority of France’s pure monarchy and also the Catholic Church.
The ideals of the period of Enlightenment, which contributed massively to luigi XVI and also Marie Antoinette’s unpopularity, also contributed come the American Revolution, a problem in which homesteaders of Britain’s Thirteen nests rebelled versus the government of the british Crown. Passionate to make up for France’s humiliating defeat at the hands of the British during the 7 Years’ War, luigi XVI entered the war against great Britain in 1778. Although France only engaged in a grasp of naval battles v British forces, it provided far-ranging strategic and economic help to American revolutionaries. Due in component to France’s intervention, America winner their battle of self-reliance in 1783.
While France’s vital role in America’s victory over Britain revitalized much of the international prestige that it had actually lost during the seven Years War, it also exacerbated its already-staggering debt. In order come combat France’s mounting financial crisis, King louis XVI appointed and also dismissed a sequence of jae won ministers who proposed policies were one of two people ineffective or unpopular through the king’s advisers. Finally, in a no hope move, louis XVI referred to as a conference of the Estates-General- an assembly of representatives from France’s three estates: the clergy, the nobility, and also the common people.
Although members that the 3rd Estate inhabited the vast majority of the seats in the Estates-General- i m sorry convened in Versailles in the spring and also summer of 1789- , their collective voice organized as lot weight together that of the lot smaller very first and 2nd Estates; every Estate was allowed one vote, no matter its size. As soon as their appeals to establish representation by populace were overturned, the to represent of the 3rd Estate claimed themselves the ‘National Assembly,’ a human body independent that the Estates-General i m sorry would resolve France’s budget and farming issues through or there is no the members that the other two Estates.
In order to stop this renegade body from convening, luigi XVI notified the room in i beg your pardon the nationwide Assembly to plan to fulfill to be closed on a false pretense. Undeterred, the national Assembly congregated in a proto-tennis court nearby. There, they swore the Tennis Court Oath, a vow to proceed to assemble until a structure was created which would certainly limit the strength of monarchy and the an initial and 2nd Estates.
It simply so happened that about this time, in July 1789, King louis XVI had sent international mercenaries to Paris come quell the bread riots- uprisings characterized by bakery looting and vandalism in response to high bread prices- that had plagued the city the summer. Members of the national Assembly, fearing that the just arrive troops had concerned put an finish to your crusade, looted Parisian armories and also armed themselves with muskets. Then, on July 14, lock stormed the Bastille, a medieval castle that served as an armory, political prison, and a prize of royal tyranny. Supplemented by sorry members the the national Guard, the rioters conveniently overwhelmed the fortress’ couple of defenders. They commemorated their victory by decapitating the Bastille’s governor and also parading his head- mounted on a pike- v the streets.
Expecting imperial troops to respond come the attack, Parisian revolutionaries built makeshift barricades in the streets. Instead of against the revolutionaries, however, the mercenaries that had arrived to quell the bread riots dispersed on the king’s orders. Word of this success over the French monarchy spread quickly throughout the country, and also soon the country was seething v the heart of the revolution. On august 4, the nationwide Assembly took the following step towards famous sovereignty through abolishing feudalism. Later that month, they published the explanation of the civil liberties of Man and also of the Citizen, a constitution-like document championing freedom, equality, and also sovereignty that the people.
The months complying with the storming of the Bastille were defined by peasant revolts and the facility of free, frequently radical papers throughout France. Some of these newspapers incited violence versus members the the first and second Estates, and many nobles, fearing for their safety, left the country.
In at an early stage October, a crowd of angry peasant females marched top top Versailles itself. This march, which started as a find for bread, evolved into a movement to lug King louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, and the royal court away from the palace to Paris, where, lock believed, the aristocracy could more effectively administrate the French people. Upon getting to Versailles, the females selected 6 of their number to bring their entreaties to the king. This representatives acquired audience with Louis XVI without trouble and convinced him to distribute food come the mob. Countless of the women, tho unsatisfied, loitered about the palace. In a 2nd attempt in ~ pacification, luigi XVI signed the explanation of the legal rights of Man and of the Citizen, which the females had lugged with them. The Parisian women, still hoping to drag the king back to Paris, continued to be the night exterior the royal residence gates. Early the complying with morning, the mob uncovered an open up gate and also stormed the palace, in search of the queen’s bedchamber. In the process, they killed several guardsmen and placed their heads on pikes. Eventually, louis XVI defused the case by arising to deal with the mob. Without further violence, he, his family, and his courtiers attach the women back to Paris and took up residence in the Tuileries Palace.
For two years, luigi XVI, hosted captive by nationwide Assembly revolutionaries, governed France native Paris, routinely signing documents that eroded his power little by bit. Fearful of the raising fanaticism that the revolutionary movement, the king, in ~ the behest the Marie Antoinette, determined to attempt to flee Paris through his family and make for Austrian Netherlands, wherein he might raise an army with which to reestablish the old order. Top top the night of June 21, 1791, the French Royal family members disguised themselves, piled right into a solitary horse-drawn coach, and also headed east. Unfortunately, castle were well-known en path by a postmaster, that relayed the news the the imperial journey come revolutionaries. The royal household made it to the town of Varennes-en-Argonne, just a few miles indigenous the Austrian border, where they were recorded by revolutionary forces and ultimately forced to return to Paris.
Despite luigi XVI’s attempt to flee France, the nationwide Assembly permitted the king to proceed to dominance the nation, albeit with considerable restrictions to his authority. The fall, they finished drafting the French constitution of 1791, France’s an initial constitution, and also promptly dissolved. Your successors, members that the brand-new Legislative Assembly, common power through the king, transforming France into a constitutional monarchy like good Britain.
In the feather of 1792, France declared war top top Austria- which was governed at the time by Marie Antoinette’s nephew, holy Roman Emperor Francis II- , fearing that it would invade France v the score of crushing the change and reestablishing the old regime. That summer, after enduring a number of crushing defeats in ~ the hand of the Austrian army, the French learned that Prussia was around to sign up with the war versus them. The leader the the Prussian forces, a commemorated German general named Charles Ferdinand, duke of Brunswick, drafted a proclamation, known as the Brunswick Manifesto, which endangered to harm French citizens if anything taken place to the royal family. The proclamation, which was intended to intimidate Parisians, backfired, spurring the radical revolutionary citizens, well-known as federes, and members the the national Guard come storm the Tuileries Palace, whereby the French royal family members lived, and also engage in a ferocious fight with the king’s Swiss Guards. Although Louis XVI and also his family regulated to flee to the safety of the legislative Assembly, the monarchy was efficiently overthrown, if no officially.
At that time, Austrian and also Prussian forces were pushing in the direction of Paris. Afraid the these foreign militaries might take it Paris and also supplement your ranks with Parisian prisoners, nationwide Guardsmen and also radical federes emptied Paris’ dungeons and also slaughtered their residents en masse. This slaughters are referred to as the September Massacres.
Later that month, complying with the battle of Valmy in which French troops decisively beat Ferdinand’s Prussian army, the legislative branch Assembly officially claimed the finish of the French monarchy and also the facility of the an initial French Republic. Emboldened, the brand-new Republic placed Louis XVI, now recognized by the typical name louis Capet, ~ above trial because that his ‘treasonous’ attempt to flee France through his family members on the night that June 21, 1971. The Capetian king was discovered guilty the treason and also sentenced to death via guillotine, a newly-invented decapitation an equipment which would come to be a hallmark the the reign of Terror that would certainly follow his death. He was publicly attach on January 21, 1793. His wife, Marie Antoinette, met a comparable fate ~ above October 16 of the year.
According come legend, before her trip from Paris to Varennes, because that which she and her husband were eventually executed, Marie Antoinette packed up the Crown Jewels of France, along with her vast collection the rubies, diamonds, pearls, and other priceless gems she had accumulated at Versailles. Once she and also her husband were catch in Varennes, however, the jewels were nowhere to be found. Legend has it the the French queen entrusted her many loyal servant- her Lady-in-Waiting- v the valuable stones, and that the courtier controlled to make her means across the Atlantic s to the Acadian fort of Louisbourg, situated in what is currently Nova Scotia, following the record of she mistress. Some Oak Island theorists think that she, add by loyalist French troops, later hidden these jewels top top Oak Island once it came to be clear that the French monarchy was no more.
According come the late Oak Island researcher R.V. Harris in his book The Oak Island Mystery (1958, 1967), there are number of potential troubles with this theory. The most evident problem is that most of France’s Crown Jewels are not missing. In fact, they to be stolen in 1792, a full year after ~ the royal flight to Varennes, and also were all ultimately recovered. The second problem through this concept is the fact that Louisbourg, the French fort Marie Antoinette’s Lady-in-Waiting purportedly brought the jewels to, had remained in British possession due to the fact that the 1758 Siege of Louisbourg, throughout the 7 Years’ War. Third, it appears unlikely the French troops can have buried treasure on Oak Island after ~ 1791 and also kept it a secret; Oak Island and also surrounding area had actually been populated by brand-new English settlers since the mid 1700’s.
In this episode of The Curse that Oak Island, stack Lagina and also Oak Island researcher Doug Crowell met with Knights Templar chronicler Zena Halpern in Roslyn, new York. Halpern briefed the males on she theories regarding the nature that Oak Island’s secret workings, which revolve approximately hypothetical pre-Columbian Knights Templar trips to Nova Scotia.
According come Halpern’s website, the brand-new York researcher has actually uncovered “the story both that a mystery 12th century Knights Templar mission come Oak Island and also a mountain variety in new York State, and the the efforts made by various secret societies over the centuries to either conceal or i found it the factors for this mission.” Halpern intends to lay out her theory in her upcoming book, The Templar Mission to Oak Island and also Beyond- find for ancient Secrets- The Shocking Revelation of a 12th Century Manuscript.
Interestingly, Halpern, in the ‘About’ section of her website, reveals the she has worked with Gloria Farley, a close colleague of the late Harvard professor Barry Fell, who had emerged his very own Oak Island concept involving fifth Century Coptic Christians.
The Stones of Joudrey’s Cove
In the summer the 1936, Oak Island treasure hunter Gilbert Hedden discovered four granite stones top top Joudrey’s Cove inscribed with characters. The stones to be rough and also jagged, indicating that they had at once been part of larger stones, or possibly one big stone. Three of them bore deeply-engraved Latin letters. The the smallest of these to be inscribed with the letter ‘W’. The middle-sized stone bore the words ‘S.S. Ross 1864.’ The largest stone was inscribed v what might have been fifty percent of the letter ‘U,’ followed through the letter ‘H,’ followed by the Roman character ‘II,’ complied with by the letter ‘GIN.’
Although small can be gleaned from the the smallest stone, Gilbert Hedden assumed that ‘S.S. Ross 1864,’ the inscription on the center stone, was graffiti sculpted by a labourer apparently called S.S. Ross that had functioned on Oak Island in 1864. Together for the largest stone, countless Oak Island researchers doubt the ‘GIN’ can be component of the bigger word ‘MCGINNIS,’ the family name that Oak Island co-discoverer Daniel McGinnis and also his descendants, that lived on Oak Island for plenty of years.
In enhancement to these three stones, Hedden discovered another stone on Joudrey’s Cove which stood the end from the rest. This stone, i beg your pardon bore 3 strange, well-worn characters, is believed to be a fragment the a big boulder uncovered by Oak Island employees in the 1920’s. See the strange symbols carved onto the surface, these employees theorized that the boulder could be lied over top of some kind of subterranean sweetheart deposit. Lock dynamited the boulder accordingly, just to uncover that there was nothing of attention beneath it. Few of the workers kept inscribed rock fragments as souvenirs, and also the boulder was mostly forgotten until Hedden’s discovery.
Although I investigate the background of the leftmost and also rightmost symbols sculpted into the H/O rock in my publication Oak Island, which you can access by clicking this link, in this post I will emphasis on the middle symbol, the cross with a dot in every quadrant, i m sorry is handle in this episode.
To medieval and also Renaissance-era alchemists, the overcome with 4 dots represented distilled vinegar, likewise known together ‘spirit the vinegar’. Part adherents to the theory that the Rosicrucians- members the a mystery Renaissance culture closely associated with alchemy- space behind the Oak Island workings point out the inscribed cross with four dots as proof to support their theory.
Some Oak Island researchers interpret the cross with four dots to be a sports of the Coptic Cross, a symbol supplied by Coptic Christians, an additional group thought by some to have a link with Oak Island.
See more: Watch The Curse Of Oak Island Season 4 Episode 9, Watch The Curse Of Oak Island S04E09
It is likewise interesting the the cross with four dots is likewise a different of the Taxila Cross, a symbol of southern Asia’s historic Indus Valley, as well as a symbol provided as a reference mark in Japanese typography.
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