Mulberry trees (botanical name Morus) are renowned ornamental the shade trees that produce delicious edible white, red, or black color berries. Generally called mulberries, the medium-sized, berry-producing trees have actually attractive heart-shaped leaves, spikes of tiny white flower (catkins), and also thick grayish-brown bark. The common types of mulberry trees are red mulberry, white mulberry, and black mulberry.
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Mulberry trees are well-known in garden landscapes since they space attractive trees, basic to grow, and also produce deliciously sweet berries. The usual mulberry thrives in USDA area 4 v 9, full to partial sun, and also well-drained soils. In addition, the mulberry tree is fairly resistant to pests and disease.
How can you determine mulberry tree in a landscape? Why are mulberries famous residential garden trees? This overview to mulberry trees answers concerns relating come mulberry identification and how to thrive this ornamental tree.
Common types of Mulberry (Morus)
There are three principal species of mulberry trees, generally determined by their fruit color, leaf shape, and bark. Additionally, there are many mulberry cultivars, such as the weeping mulberry tree, fruitless mulberry tree, and also dwarf mulberry tree. Below are quick descriptions that the most typical mulberry trees:
Red mulberry (Morus rubra): This species of mulberry is aboriginal to phibìc America. It grow in moist, deep, well-draining soil. The red mulberry has actually a rounded crown, a short trunk, tiny white spring flowers, sweet, juicy red or black berries, and also leaves of differing shapes.
White mulberry (Morus alba): This mulberry types is indigenous to the much East however is popular in Europe and also North America. The blackberry-like edible fruits room white when immature and turn pink or purple as they ripen. The white mulberry has heart-shaped, toothed leaves.
Black mulberry (Morus nigra): The black color mulberry is a deciduous, medium-sized, fast-growing tree through heart-shaped serrated leaves with tasty mulberry berries.
About Mulberry Trees
Old mulberry tree
Mulberry is a types of deciduous tree in the genus Morus and also woody plant family members Moraceae. Mulberries have a fast expansion rate and also are straightforward to prosper in most environments.
The mature dimension of mulberries relies on the species. White mulberry is the tallest in ~ 80 ft. (24 m), and also the typical red mulberry grows as much as 70 ft. (21 m). The black color mulberry is the smallest species, v a height of about 30 ft. (9 m).
For a smaller garden tree, the dwarf mulberry is appropriate for containers, and the bushy tree grows 2 come 6 ft. (0.6 – 1.8 m) tall.
Apart from its ornamental value, a mulberry tree is prized for its sweet, tasty fruits. The mulberry berries look prefer elongated blackberries. The berry from red and black mulberries are sweeter than the white mulberries. However, black color mulberries tend to succumb to dryness or frost damages easier. Because these soft mulberry fruit don’t take trip well, friend rarely discover mulberry berries in stores.
Many people remember the childhood song “All approximately the Mulberry Bush,” wherein the monkey chased the weasel. However, no plant is classified as a mulberry bush. Only the dwarf mulberry is a small tree with bush-like growth. Or you have the right to prune a black mulberry to prosper like a bush.
How to care for Mulberry Trees
Grow mulberry trees in complete sun and fertile, humus-rich soil that drains well. Ideally, tree mulberries 15 ft. (5 m) apart to enable for their big spread. Also, ensure the planting location is deep enough as mulberry trees have actually a deep root system that is terrific for erosion control.
Mulberries adapt well to most soil types.
Mulberry tree leaves room large, large cordate (heart-shaped) leaves with serrated margins. The simple mulberry leaves grow alternately top top branches and measure between 3” and also 6” (7.5 – 15 cm) long and 2” to 4” (5 – 10 cm) wide. In the fall, the green foliage turns golden yellow prior to the pipeline drop.
An unusual attribute of part mulberry tree varieties is that leaves on a solitary tree can have different shapes. Because that example, red mulberry and black mulberry leaves deserve to have two to 3 deep lobes or none. Part leaves may resemble maple or sycamore tree leaves, and also others have a solitary lobe on one side of the blade.
Mulberry Fruit (Mulberry Berries)
Mulberry fruits room berry-like drupes
Mulberry berries room drupes that look like long blackberries. The ripe black, purple, or red berry-like drupes grow between 1” and 3” (2.5 – 7.5 cm) long. The deliciously tasty berry ripen in summer and drop come the ground as they are all set for eating.
If you have a mulberry tree farming in her backyard, you will obtain tons of berries from the tree. The berries deserve to be consumed fresh, and are an ideal for make jellies, jams, pies, or tarts. Additionally, the white, red, and also black mulberry berries attract plenty of birds to your summer garden.
One concern with berry falling native mulberry tree is that they can reason a mess. If you want to plant a mulberry tree, don’t plant it near sidewalks or driveways. However, you can grow a fruitless mulberry tree that isn’t messy because it doesn’t develop flowers or fruit.
Mulberry female flowers (left) and male flowers (right)
Mulberry tree flowers room insignificant clusters of tiny white or environment-friendly flowers farming on a short spike or catkin. Mulberry tree bloom in spring and also are tiny spiky flower clusters. Masculine flowers are narrower and longer. Male and also female flower can prosper on a single mulberry tree, or a tree deserve to bear just male or woman flowers, but only mrs flowers develop fruit.
After bloom in May, mulberry flowers construct into a cluster of tiny, seeded fruits that make up the berries.
Identifying mulberry tree is by your leaves, spread, fruit, and also bark. Mulberry leaves are established by your heart form with serrated edges and a sharp tip. A recognizable function of mulberries is their red, purple, white, or black color berries. In landscapes, mulberries are the critical trees to create leaves.
Types the Mulberry Trees
Let’s look at in information at 6 common species of mulberry trees. And also the common mulberries—red, white, and black varieties—we’ll look in ~ some common cultivars because that planting in your backyard.
White Mulberry (Morus alba)
White mulberry tree (Morus alba)
The white mulberry is a fast-growing deciduous tree. It is figured out by glossy dark-green tooth-edged leaves, tiny green flower spikes, sweet berry-like fruits, and also dark brown furrowed bark. White mulberries have actually a wide-spreading rounded, rarely often, rarely crown that can be as wide as the tree is tall.
The white mulberry thrives in USDA zones 4 through 8 in complete sun. The continuous tree grows in between 30 and also 50 ft. (9 – 15 m) tall and large and is best as a shade tree many thanks to that is large-leafed foliage. The tree grows well in landscapes; however, it have the right to be messy and doesn’t have actually much ornamental value.
Other uses for a white mulberry tree in a huge front or backyard encompass a windbreak, floor erosion control, or grown because that its fruits.
The white mulberry additionally has the name silkworm mulberry. This name originates from its aboriginal China, whereby it was grew to nourish silkworms. The is additionally called the usual mulberry; however, the name usually describes the red mulberry species.
The surname white mulberry doesn’t describe the color of that edible berries. The drupes can be white, pink, dark red, or deep purple colors.
There room a few ways to tell white mulberries except black and also red mulberries. First, pipeline on white mulberries are glossier 보다 red mulberries. In addition, the fruit is sweet but lacks the intensity of black and also red mulberries.
Mulberry leaves: White mulberry leaves room heart-shaped with serrated, uneven margins. The leaves prosper up come 8” (20 cm) long and may have two or 3 irregular lobes. In the fall, the mulberry leaves revolve an unattractive yellow or irradiate brown color.
Mulberry fruit: White mulberry edible fruits are 1-inch (2.5-cm) long drupes that ripen in summer come pink, red, or purple-black. Contrasted to black and red mulberries, white mulberries have actually a bland taste.
Mulberry flower: Male and also female flowers are dubbed catkins. Male catkins space yellowish-green and also measure ¾ – 2 inches long (2 – 5 cm). Mrs catkins are eco-friendly with white ‘hairs’, much shorter and an ext oval.
The red mulberry is a medium-sized deciduous tree aboriginal to north America. Additionally called usual mulberry, the tree is established by ovate-shaped dark-green lobed leaves, sweet edible berries, tiny cylindrical greenish flowers, and also smooth reddish-brown bark. In landscapes, you deserve to spot the tree by its vast rounded crown.
Red mulberry trees thrive in full sun but additionally grow fine in partial shade. Perfect for USDA zones 4 come 8, the hardy tree is famed for its delicious soft fruits that are very sweet and also tasty. Thanks to the flowers and also fruit, the mulberry attracts butterflies, birds, and also other wildlife.
Red mulberry flowers are insignificant greenish catkins the bloom native April to May. The tiny tubular flowers flourish up come 1” (2.5 cm) long but are hard to spot amongst the large, broad leaves.
Red mulberry bark is smooth and also dark brown come dark gray. The tree bark can develop shallow ridges that have a reddish color. Branches and also stems have tendency to it is in reddish-brown.
An identifying attribute of the red mulberry is the unusually shaped leaves. Red mulberry leaves are usually heart-shaped with a rounded base. However, leaves have the right to have several deep lobes, providing the eco-friendly blade one uneven appearance. Leaves can look like simple birch tree leaves through a pointed pointer or have deeply lobed leaves choose a maple tree.
Mulberry leaves: Red mulberry tree leaves space cordate shaped with finely-toothed margins. Leaves have the right to have several lobes or have no lobes, and they often tend to be slightly hairy. Red mulberry leaves prosper 6” (15 cm) long and also 3” to 6” (7.5 – 15 cm) wide.
Mulberry fruit: Red mulberry tree berries are sweet and juicy and also look prefer oversized blackberries. The mulberry fruit mature in summer and are dark purple as soon as ready for eating.
The black mulberry is the smallest of the common mulberry trees. Black color mulberries in landscapes are determined by sharp ovate dark-green leaves, greenish flowers, and also red, white, or black fruit. From the mulberry species, the black mulberry is the one that has actually the bushiest growth.
The black mulberry grow in USDA ar 5 with 9 and grows finest in full sun. Unequal the other typical mulberries, the black mulberry no tolerate too much shade or extremely cold conditions.
Black mulberry flowers space inconspicuous catkins consist of of little tubular white flowers. The mulberry tree blooms in spring. After blooming, the tasty edible berry appear and also ripen throughout summer.
Black mulberry tree bark is a light-brown shade with narrow fissures top top it. You may uncover that gradually the trunk creates gnarls and huge burrs. The amazing bark texture offers the black color mulberry lot of of winter appeal after the tree autumn its leaves.
Mulberry leaves: black color mulberry tree leaves room broad, simple, attractive pipeline that prosper 4” to 8” (10 – 20 cm) long and up come 4” (10 cm) broad. The leaves of mulberry pipeline are identified by a unstable texture, stubborn hairs, and finely serrated margins.
Mulberry fruit: black mulberry tree berries are clusters of small black drupes the measure 1.2” (3 cm) long. The richly flavored soft, juicy fruits taste like red mulberry berries.
Weeping mulberry trees space elegant landscaping trees v arching branches that droop come the ground. The weeping mulberry has actually a neat, rounded crown, tiny yellowish-green flowers, heart-shaped leaves, and also sweet edible white or pink fruits. Weeping mulberries are an ideal for small gardens or as a specimen plant.
Because many weeping mulberries are cultivars that Morus alba, they have actually the very same leaf, bark, and fruit identification characteristics as white mulberries. The only difference is their weeping expansion and much shorter growth stature.
Here space the two weeping mulberry cultivars that the white mulberry Morus alba:
Morus alba ‘Chaparral’ is a fruitless weeping mulberry tree v a rounded, spreading canopy and also drooping branches. This mulberry cultivar grow 6 to 8 ft. (1.8 – 2.4 m) tall and up to 12 ft. (3.6 m) wide. This tree produces yellowish-green male catkins the don’t bear fruits.
Morus alba ‘Pendula’ is a fruiting weeping mulberry tree through the properties sweet blackberry-like white, red, or violet fruits and glossy dark-green sharp ovate leaves. The weeping mulberry ‘Pendula’ grows 6 come 10 ft. (1.8 – 3 m) tall and up to 12 ft. (3.6 m) wide.
Mulberry leaves: Weeping mulberry tree leaves have actually serrated uneven margins and also usually two to 3 lobes. The rounded leaves have actually a pointed tip and glossy eco-friendly shine.
Mulberry fruit: Weeping mulberry tree berries are sweet, cylindrical drupes as much as 1” (2.5 cm) long. The white, pink, red, or black color berries have a sweet taste but lack the strongness of black or red mulberry fruits.
Fruitless Mulberry (Morus alba ‘Fruitless’)
Fruitless mulberry trees have broad, heart-shaped pointed, glossy environment-friendly leaves, light orange-brown bark, and tiny greenish flower clusters. Fruitless mulberries are right for landscaping together they are straightforward to grow, require small pruning, and also don’t develop messy fruit. Additionally, fruitless mulberries are much less invasive 보다 the fruiting varieties.
If you’re looking for an ornamental landscaping mulberry tree that’s not messy, then the Morus alba ‘Fruitless’ cultivar is ideal. This non-messy mulberry grows 20 come 60 ft. (6 – 18 m) and also up come 54 ft. (14 m) wide.
Here room some perfect mulberry cultivars that don’t create berries:
White mulberry ‘Fegyvernekiana’—grows up to 4 ft. (1.2 m) high.White mulberry ‘Bellaire’—a medium-sized mulberry cultivation 30 come 50 ft. (5 – 15 m) tall.White mulberry ‘Hempton’White mulberry ‘Urban’White mulberry ‘Stribling’—grows 30 to 50 ft. (5 – 15 m) high.
Dwarf Mulberry Tree
The dwarf mulberry tree is a bush-like tree that grows fine in containers and also garden landscapes. Like many mulberries, the dwarf variety has leathery environment-friendly leaves, dark red or black color summer fruits, and also smooth brown or gray bark. A dwarf mulberry can be a multi-stemmed shrub-like tree or a single-stemmed specimen tree.
Dwarf mulberries are an ideal for growing in containers. Farming in pots and with the suitable pruning, a tiny mulberry grows 2 come 6 ft. (0.6 – 1.8 m) tall. Grow in a well-draining potting mix and also full sun.
Another form of dwarf mulberry tree that is much shorter than a timeless mulberry is the everbearing mulberry. The dwarf variety grows in between 10 and 15 ft. (3 – 4.5 m) tall and also up to 20 ft. (6 m) wide. Like all mulberries, the dwarf everbearing mulberry has juicy red or black fruits.
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Miniature mulberry trees likewise grow as spectacular bonsai trees. Mulberry bonsai trees have actually characteristic gnarled trunks, little pointed ovate leaves, and also produce medium-sized fruits.
Mulberry Trees: White, Red, black color – through Flowers and Leaves (Pictures) was last modified: June 30th, 2021 by no_name12