By 1860, The United claims had worked out A) its boundaries with both Canada and Mexico. B) its boundary with Canada, however not Mexico. C) that boundary with Mexico, but not Canada. D) neither its Canadian nor Mexican boundaries.

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In 1815, Spain organized title to all of the following present-day lands other than A) Louisiana. B) Texas. C) Utah. D) California.
According come agreements made in 1818 and also 1827, the United claims and good Britain A) divided the Oregon territory at the 49th parallel. B) jointly lived in Oregon. C) engaged in share explorations the the Northwest. D) cooperated in the fur trade.
14) Americans to be attracted come Texas in the 1820s by the A) growing trade in bison robes and also cowhides. B) demand of Mexicans because that American products. C) possibility of mining for valuable metals. D) entice of cheap soil for cotton cultivation.
15) east Indian people from the South and Old Northwest, whom the American government forcibly relocated in the West A) strengthened aboriginal American resistance to more white expansion. B) received long-term protection the their brand-new lands. C) offered ironically as agents that white civilization. D) convert the plains Indians to farming enterprises.
16) In his well-known Emigrants" guide to Oregon and California (1845), Lansford Hastings A) defended the legal rights of native Americans to certain lands that the Northwest. B) preserved that California belonged rightfully come the unified States quite than Mexico. C) applauded the concept of share occupation of Oregon with the British. D) detailed both valuable information as well as encouragement for frontier settlers.
17) The slogan "Manifest Destiny" described the conviction of american in the 1840s that the unified States had actually a(n) A) God-given ideal to exist together a nation. B) duty to spread throughout the continent. C) destiny to conquer the world. D) opportunity to change greed with benevolence.
18) In the Transcontinental contract of 1819, the United claims A) embraced a southerly border not included Texas. B) surrendered its insurance claims to Florida. C) purchased southern Arizona indigenous Mexico. D) well-known the independent Republic that Fredonia.
19) together a an outcome of Mexican restrictions in Texas, American inhabitants there A) convert to roman Catholicism. B) freed their slaves. C) disallowed additional American immigration. D) plotted a revolution.
20) v the win at mountain Jacinto in 1836, Texas A) won recognition from the mexican Congress. B) lost heroes Davy Crockett and Jim Bowie. C) secured admission to the unified States. D) got its freedom from Mexico.
21) democracy such as Lewis Cass and also Stephen Douglas sustained the addition of Texas on the grounds the it would A) expand the college of slavery. B) spread out the benefits of American civilization. C) certain the reelection of john Tyler. D) lull sectional tensions in ~ the joined States.
22) In 1845, president Polk sent to Mexico City A) general Zachary Taylor. B) agent man L. Slidell. C) Secretary the State James Buchanan. D) diplomat Nicholas Trist.
23) president Polk fired diplomat Nicholas Trist because that A) failing come negotiate an end to the mexican War. B) denouncing the battle as one of greed and conquest. C) revealing sordid examples of army misbehavior in Mexico. D) supplying too lot money because that too tiny land.
24) every one of the following factors nourished one American conviction the California have to become component of the unified States except the A) desire that newcomers come blend into California society. B) progressive recognition the California"s good harbors. C) favorable position of California for the China trade. D) skepticism that other nations had actually designs on the region.
25) The town of Sante Fe to be A) cleared up by american in the 1820s to encourage trade. B) captured and also annexed through Texans in 1841. C) inhabited without a shooting by American forces in 1846. D) fiercely guarded and protected throughout the mexico War.
26) In the contract of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848), the United claims agreed come A) get $15 million in reparations from Mexico. B) pay $10 million for huge tracts of floor in brand-new Mexico. C) collect all exceptional American claims versus Mexico. D) guarantee the civil and also political rights of former Mexican citizens.
27) in between 1842 and 1845 in Oregon A) the number of American settlers gradually declined. B) the British expanded their understanding in the fur trade. C) American settlers wrote a constitution and elected a legislature. D) many Americans located north of the Columbia River.
28) In recommendation to the Oregon question, chairman Polk A) encourage a ongoing joint occupation through Britain. B) supported a department of the are at the 49th parallel. C) demanded a "fifty-four forty or fight" resolution. D) exercised an excellent tact and also skill in achieving compromise.
29) brother agreed come a division of the Oregon region at the 49th parallel so long as it maintained possession of A) Vancouver Island. B) the Puget Sound. C) the Columbia River. D) the Willamette Valley.
30) many of the emigrants that headed because that the far West to be A) white and American-born. B) slaveholders native the Deep South. C) members the the poorest class. D) Asians, particularly from China.
31) Perhaps many emigrants to the far West were encouraged by desires of A) pass Christianity and also education to the Indians. B) bettering their resides by cultivating the land. C) restoring their wellness by escaping debilitating sicknesses. D) make a fortune by the mining of gold.
32) The Preemption Acts during the 1830s and 1840s A) reserved selection public lands for the political elite. B) enhanced the minimum amount of public soil purchases. C) encouraged westward migrate by defense of "squatters" rights." D) offered cost-free government land to prospective settlers.
33) For many emigrants on the overland trails A) drawing up rules and electing policemans prevented dissension. B) the pilgrimage proved novel and also even enjoyable. C) a traditional department of labor persisted through the journey. D) challenges multiplied as the trip lengthened.
34) In comparison to the take trip journal that Robert Bode, the take trip journal of mar Stuart Bailey expose a higher preoccupation with the A) problems of travel. B) accessibility of food. C) absence of the familiar. D) tools of survival.
35) The first task facing pioneer farmers was to A) find a perfect claim. B) clear the land. C) construct a crude oil shelter. D) tree a crop.
36) In Oregon, early settlers seemed many anxious and able to create A) publicly schools. B) arranged churches. C) a politics system. D) society clubs.
37) Obstacles hindering the organization of churches and also schools in the frontier communities included every one of the following other than the A) dispersity the the population. B) absence of decision to reestablish familiar institutions. C) chronic shortage that cash. D) geographical mobility the the settlers.
38) In comparison to the agricultural frontier, migrants to the mining frontier were an ext A) often married and also older in age. B) isolated from your neighbors. C) intent on making a quick profit. D) effective in establishing local government.
39) between 1848 and also 1883, California gold A) supplied over two-thirds that the world"s supply. B) changed Los Angeles indigenous a sleepy town into a bustling metropolis. C) listed equal investment methods for California"s decimal populations. D) sustained the farming and commercial advancement of California and also Oregon.
40) The Mormon emigrants come Utah A) focused on converting fairly than killing aboriginal Americans. B) kept a strict separation the church and state. C) encouraged polygamous family members life because that all brand-new settlers. D) lived as independent farmer on separation, personal, instance homesteads.
41) Nineteenth-century western cities A) grew exceptionally slowly. B) had tendency to have more male than female residents. C) attracted numerous families and solitary women. D) offered excellent methods to newcomers who had no capital.
42) most of the plains Indians A) combated fierce war to exterminate their enemies. B) live a nomadic way of living in pursuit of the buffalo. C) arranged their people to carry out strict hierarchial authority. D) instantly opposed white emigrants crossing your territory.
43) The primary cause for Indian-white dispute by the late 1840s to be the A) Indian assaults on and scalpings that white emigrants. B) refuse by chairman Polk to provide compensation for shed Indian lands. C) destruction of Indian grass, timber, and buffalo by white emigrants. D) Indian refusal to attend a general council to solve problems.
44) In return for assorted presents available by the joined States government at the ft Laramie board of directors of 1851, participating Indian chiefs pledged that their tribes would A) never strike white emigrants. B) end all lack warfare. C) move to soil farther west. D) border their motions to prescribed areas.
45) for Mexicans life in territory linked by the unified States, the influx of Anglos A) regularly meant raised oppression fairly than opportunity. B) guaranteed their soil holdings would boost in value. C) hardly ever threatened the dominance of Spanish-speaking residents. D) do no influence on your influence and prestige.
46) "Bursts the florid rhetoric accompanied territorial growth, and Americans supplied the slogan "Manifest Destiny" to justify and account because that it." If other is manifest, it is A) ordained through God. B) plainly apparent. C) secret in design. D) singular or unique.
47) "Frederick Douglass accused the nation of "cupidity and also love that dominion."" Cupidity is the "crime" the A) prejudice. B) greed. C) negligence. D) immorality.
48) "Still more Mormons came the following year, influenced by visions that a new Zion in the West." A Zion is a A) godly community. B) ar of great luxury. C) soil of opportunity. D) scenic area.

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49) "Joseph Smith and also other church leaders had actually secretly practiced polygamy in the early 1840s...." for Mormons, polygamy to be the practice of A) sharing all lands and profits. B) worshipping many gods. C) electing several church leaders. D) having much more than one wife.
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