The crucial functions that managers perform incorporate planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. This module focuses specifically top top the organizing function. Organizing entails coordinating and also allocating a firm’s resources so that the firm can lug out its plans and achieve its goals. This organizing, or structuring, process is achieved by:Determining work tasks and dividing up jobs (division the labor)Grouping jobs and also employees (departmentalization)Assigning authority and responsibilities (delegation)
The an outcome of the organizing process is a formal structure within one organization. An company is the order and design of relationship within a company or firm. It consists of two or more people working in addition to a typical objective and clarity the purpose. Officially organizations also have well-defined currently of authority, channels for details flow, and means of control. Human, material, financial, and also information sources are deliberately associated to kind the business organization. Some relations are long-lasting, such together the links among people in the finance or marketing department. Others deserve to be changed at nearly any time—for example, as soon as a committee is formed to study a problem.
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Every organization has actually some sort of underlying structure. Typically, organizations base your frameworks on traditional, contemporary, or team-based approaches. Timeless structures are an ext rigid and group employees by function, products, processes, customers, or regions. Modern-day and team-based frameworks are much more flexible and assemble employees to respond easily to dynamic business environments. Nevertheless of the structural frame a company chooses to implement, all supervisors must first consider what sort of work needs to be done within the firm.
Founded in 1943, Sweden retailer IKEA has actually grown indigenous a little mail-order operation to a an international force in home furnishings with much more than 390 shop throughout Europe, north America, Africa, Australia, and Asia. Best known for its modern-day furniture designs, highly trafficked keep openings, and quirky advertising, the IKEA Group is composed of many divisions matching to the company’s retail, supply chain, sales, and design and also manufacturing functions. What factors likely influenced the development of IKEA’s business structure together the agency expanded end the years? (Credit: JJBers/ flickr/ Attribution 2.0 share (CC through 2.0))
Division that Labor
The process of dividing work into separate jobs and assigning jobs to employees is called division of labor. In a fast-food restaurant, for example, part employees take or to fill orders, others prepare food, a couple of clean and also maintain equipment, and also at the very least one supervises all the others. In one auto assembly plant, some workers install rearview mirrors, while others mount bumpers ~ above bumper brackets. The degree to which the tasks are subdivided right into smaller work is referred to as specialization. Employee who work at highly dedicated jobs, such together assembly-line workers, do a restricted number and variety of tasks. Employees who become specialists at one task, or a small variety of tasks, build greater ability in doing that specific job. This have the right to lead to higher efficiency and also consistency in production and other job-related activities. However, a high degree of specialization deserve to also result in employee who space disinterested or bored because of the absence of range and challenge.
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After a agency divides the work it needs to perform into certain jobs, managers then team the tasks together so that comparable or linked tasks and tasks can it is in coordinated. This group of people, tasks, and resources right into organizational units is dubbed departmentalization. That facilitates the planning, leading, and also control processes.
An company chart is a visual depiction of the structured relationships amongst tasks and the human being given the authority to perform those tasks. In the company chart in (Figure), each figure represents a job, and each job consists of several tasks. The sales manager, because that instance, should hire salespeople, create sales territories, motivate and train the salespeople, and control sales operations. The chart likewise indicates the general kind of job-related done in each position. As (Figure) shows, five basic types of departmentalization are generally used in organizations: